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Regulations

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Aircrew

Operational Suitability Data (OSD) for flight crew (FC)

What is the content and purpose of the EASA type rating and licence endorsement lists?

Why do the EASA type rating and licence endorsement lists not contain references to the latest applicable version of an OSD FC document?

Are ODR tables available as part of the operational suitability data (OSD) for flight crew (FC) document?

When should changes to OSD FC provisions be implemented by users to take into account any revised mandatory elements included in a revision?

What is the status of non-mandatory items in the OSD FC? How should users proceed if deviating from non-mandatory items in the OSD FC?

What aspects should be considered when substituting a training level or device described in the OSD FC by another training level or device?

How can I get access to OSD FC documents?

Licensing

How can a national pilot licence be converted into a Part-FCL licence?

What is the difference between the terms FCL (Flight Crew Licensing) and Aircrew?

Will a licence issued in accordance with JAR-FCL requirements still be valid once the new rules become applicable?

Will a national licence that does not comply with JAR-FCL requirements still be valid once the new rules become applicable?

Could the Agency assist with interpreting the JAR-FCL requirements?

Is it correct that there are new requirements for instrument ratings (IR) and provisions to allow cloud flying for sailplane pilots published in the Aircrew Regulation?

Following the introduction of a new variant to an existing type rating, how do pilots attain the privileges to operate the new variant?

How can a national pilot licence be converted into an EASA pilot licence?

How should the new class and type rating list for aeroplanes which is published on the Agency’s website be understood ? (complex aircraft, SET class, PA 46, instructor qualification)

When will the new rules on pilot licensing be applicable?

How can a third country (non-EU) licence be converted into a Part-FCL licence?

To whom can an appeal against the examination/test/check results be sent?

Could the European Central Question Bank be published?

How can a military licence be converted to a civilian one?

Which licence do I have to hold to become a TRI on a multi pilot aeroplane (MPA)?

Can a co-pilot apply for a TRI rating on a multi pilot aeroplane (MPA)?

Upset Prevention and Recovery Training

Which pilots need to undergo what kind of UPRT?

From when UPRT will be mandatory?

To which extend flight synthetic training devices (FSTDs) can be used for UPRT?

Will UPRT also be mandatory for the LAPL and the PPL?

What is UPRT?

Performance-based Navigation applicability

On which learning objectives will my theoretical knowledge training and exam for the instrument rating be based?

When can I apply to my competent authority for a PBN extension to my instrument rating?

When does my approved training organisation have to comply at the latest with the PBN requirements?

When can an ATO apply for an approval of a new course and on which learning objectives will the course be based?

When does my instrument rating have to include PBN privileges to be allowed to fly in IFR conditions ?

How should the Pilot’s PBN privileges be documented?

How does my national authority endorse the PBN privileges to my IR?

Medical

Where can the aero-medical requirements for ATCOs be found?

Who can perform the Class 1 aero-medical examination?

Who can perform the Class 3 aero-medical examination?

Who can perform the Class 2 and LAPL aero-medical examination?

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Who can perform the Cabin crew aero-medical assessment?

Do you have a list of certified AeMCs and AMEs in Europe?

Is there any AeMC available outside Europe?

Where can the aero-medical requirements for Pilots and Cabin Crew be found?

May I exercise the privileges of my PPL licence if I have a Class 1 medical certificate?

May I exercise the privileges of my PPL licence if I have a Class 3 medical certificate?

If I undertake my aero-medical examination in another Member State than the state that issued my licence do I need to validate resulting medical certificate with my licensing authority?

Flight Simulation Training Devices (FSTD)

CS- FSTD(A) Issue 2 - UPRT Compliance of current qualified FSTD

General

Where can I find definitions for ‘shall’, ‘must’, ‘should’ and ‘may’, as used in the Agency’s rulemaking publications?

What is the difference between European Community (EC) and European Union (EU) in the regulation reference?

Why has the numbering of the EU regulations changed as of 2015?

What is the definition of an IR, AMC and CS and GM and what differences can be proposed?

Implementing Rules are available in all of the national languages of the EASA Member States. How is the quality of these translations assured? Who is responsible for the translations?

What is the progress of a regulation towards publication?

What is the legal status of documents published during the EASA Rulemaking process such as Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA), Comment Response Document (CRD) or an Opinion? Can they be used if there is no EU rule available?

What is the comitology procedure?

What does 'Cover’ Regulation mean?

Can the information provided in EASA's FAQ be considered legally binding?

Continuing Airworthiness

COVID-19 - Continuing Airworthiness

What is the flexibility allowed to the person or organisation responsible for the aircraft continuing airworthiness when it comes to the planning of Aircraft Maintenance Programme (AMP) scheduled maintenance tasks with intervals expressed in calendar time?

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Under the present rules, is the person responsible for the continuing airworthiness of an aircraft (owner, CAO or CAMO) allowed to split the customised maintenance checks?

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Under the present rules, how can a maintenance organisation extend the use of the privileges specified in 145.A.75(c) of line maintenance performed away from an approved location?

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Under the present rules, how can a production or maintenance organisation continue to use tools or equipment even if their calibration/periodical check cannot be carried out before the due date?

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Under the present rules, can a maintenance organisation continue to keep a supplier on the approved list even if full compliance with its evaluation of suppliers’ procedure cannot be ensured?

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Is there any possibility to temporary extend the validity of NDT personnel certification due to coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis?

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Interpretation and policy papers

What is the EASA policy on Certificates of Release to Service for aircraft maintenance? What are the responsibilities of maintenance organisations and CAMOs associated to such maintenance?

What practice is accepted by EASA to release maintenance on aircraft not covered by the Basic Regulation?

What is the view of EASA on the transition of existing continuing airworthiness organisations to the new Part-CAO and Part-CAMO organisations?

Continuing airworthiness - General

What is the difference between Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 of 26 November 2014 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 as amended?

Concerning the approval of the continuing airworthiness organisations, what is the sharing of responsibilities between EASA and the national competent authorities of the EASA Member States? How to get the lists of the approved continuing airworthiness organisations?

Where can I find the continuing airworthiness requirements for third-country registered aircraft used by EU operator/owner?

How to use information and communication technologies for performing remote audits on to DOA, LoA/POA, AMO, CAMO, CAO and AMTO holders*?

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Part-M

Part-M: General

Maintenance for each type of aircraft/operation

Continuing airworthiness management for each type of operator/ aircraft

Can an independent certifying staff maintain ELA1 aircraft used for commercial operations (such as ATO)?

Which are the correct statements to be written in block 11 of EASA Form 1 after maintenance?

Can a licenced pilot without a valid medical certificate perform pilot-owner maintenance?

What are the responsibilities relevant to pre-flight inspection?

What are the plans of EASA concerning the Continuing Airworthiness of aircraft operated under the new Part-DTO (Annex VIII to Reg. (EU) No 1178/2011 as amended)?

Airworthiness review

Can an airworthiness review certificate (ARC)/recommendation be issued after an airworthiness review with open findings?

Can an extension of an ARC be anticipated more than 30 days?

Can an Airworthiness Review Staff (ARS) perform an airworthiness review on an aircraft in which he/ she had released some maintenance as Certifying Staff (CS)?

Can the airworthiness review certificate (ARC) of the large aircraft be extended during the extensive maintenance/long term storage?

CAMO 1 uses the anticipation when performing the airworthiness review or extension for 90 or 30 days correspondingly. After the issue or extension of the ARC, the aircraft is transferred during the anticipation period from CAMO 1 to CAMO 2. As the consequence CAMO 2 has solely continuously managed the aircraft for more than 12 months due to the term of the validity of the ARC accordingly being more than 12 month. Are the requirements of the M.A.901(b)(i) satisfied?

Is EASA Forms 1 required during the import of the aircraft in the EU?

Technical records

Is there any European requirement to maintain the back-to-birth traceability for any component fitted to an European aircraft?

What does the term “detailed maintenance records” mean?

Must the EASA Form 1 be kept for on-condition components ?

AMP (Aircraft Maintenance Programme)

What are the alleviations introduced by M.A.302(h) on the maintenance programme for General Aviation?

When does the interval for the next calendar aircraft maintenance check/task or the calendar interval for the next component check/overhaul starts?

When should I revise my Aircraft Maintenance Programme (AMP)?

Can a competent authority require the owner/ CAMO to include national requirements in the Aircraft Maintenance Programme (AMP), based on M.A.302(d)(i)?

How is it possible to escalate AMP task intervals?

What kind of alternative (other than escalation) or additional instructions can be introduced in the AMP?

CAMO (Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation)

Quality manager for CAMO: Nomination, acceptance, qualification

Are deputy nominated persons required in CAMO?

Under which condition can a CAMO use the indirect approval procedure to amend AMP (Aircraft Maintenance Programme) task?

Do the maintenance contracts need to be submitted for the approval to the competent authorities after Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/1536 applies?

Does the CAMO quality system need to be subject to monitoring?

Part-145

Part-145: General

Is Part-M applicable to approved Part-145 organisations?

What does the term ‘occasional’ mean in 145.A.75(c)?

Quality system

Does the part-145 quality system need to be subject to monitoring?

Certification of maintenance

With respect to blend out repairs, is it required to record the depth and area dimensions of material removed during a blend out repair or is it sufficient to simply record that the damage has been repaired as per the SRM?

Can the subcontractor’s staff of a part-145 approved organisation issue an EASA Form 1?

Release to service of NDT tasks by Part-145 organisations

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Maintenance data

Shall the maintenance data be available and controlled at all times, even if there is no maintenance work going, or shall it be available only during the performance of maintenance?

Personnel requirements

Are the changes imposed by the EU Regulation 1149/2011 applicable to the Certifying staff qualified in accordance with Appendix IV to part-145?

Can a certification maintenance requirement (CMR) be performed by the Flight Crew before flight?

What is the meaning of the Protected Rights in the Appendix IV to Part-145?

What are the training requirements for personnel within a Part-145 organisation, other than those contained in Part-66?

Part-66

Get a Part-66 licence

Which are the Part-66 licences?

How to get an EASA Part-66 Licence?

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How can I apply for an EASA Part-66 licence? What is required at the time of the application?

Who is allowed to issue EASA Part-66 licences? Can I apply for a Part-66 licence to EASA?

I want to work in an organisation located within the EU. Do I need a Part-66 licence?

I am a colour-blind. Does this prevent me from getting a Part-66 licence or exercising my licence privileges?

Does EASA plan to propose changes to the implementing regulation to establish specific adaptations applicable to persons with learning difficulties (e.g. dyslexia, attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity,…) who wish to undertake aircraft maintenance training in a Part-147 approved training organisation as required to apply for Part-66 licenses?

How can I get a Part-66 licence valid in the EU by conversion?

Basic Part-66 licence (without type rating)

For personnel studying a qualification at a University or a degree in a country outside of the EU: I am studying aeronautics and I wish to obtain an EASA Part-66 licence? May I get a credit or may I get a licence based on my degree?

Which documentation is required to support the application demonstrating compliance with the experience requirements?

Where do I gain the required basic maintenance experience? Is it mandatory to gain the required maintenance experience in an EASA approved Part-145 organisation?

I work as a mechanic in the military field on aircraft being also certified for civil operations. In order to obtain the Part-66 licence, why do I need additional experience of civil aircraft maintenance as required by 66.A.30(e) on top of my experience in the military field?

I have completed my EASA Part-66 modules for B1 and I have passed all the exams, but I still lack experience to get my licence. Is there a time limit to get the licence ? Will the certificate expire in a few years if I do not get the experience?

Categories of a Part-66 licence

I hold a Category A1 Part-66 licence. What are the requirements to extend my licence to Category B1.1?

I already hold a Part-66 licence and I would like to include an additional basic (sub)category? Which additional (sub)modules are required to be passed for the addition of that new (sub)category?

Type ratings of a Part-66 licence

What is a difference between examination and assessment? Why are there two different examination standards, respectively in Part-66 Appendix III, points 4 and 5?

I have passed the aircraft type rating training (TRT) in an approved EASA Part-147 organisation, although I have not completed the basic knowledge training. Is this TRT valid for life? Would it be possible to endorse it on my Part-66 licence as soon as I get one?

I have attended a type training, may I immediately ask my authority to endorse it on my licence?

I hold a licence with a type rating and I wish to add the rating of a similar aircraft of the same manufacturer. For example: I have a type rating on Airbus A320 Series, and I wish to add the rating on A330 Series. Do I need a complete course?

I just got an empty Part-66 licence. I plan now to get type ratings. Are 2 weeks practical training sufficient?

The Appendix III of Part-66 states that a type training course shall be started and finished within 3 years before the application for a type rating, is this still valid if I started the course before 1 August 2012?

Is it mandatory to go to a Part-147 approved training organisation to get type training? Can we do this training in a Part-145 approved organisation or at the aircraft manufacturer?

OJT (On the Job Training) for a Part-66 licence

What is the intention of the requirement regarding the assessment of the OJT. What is the nature of the assessment for an OJT? What are the differences between practical assessment and OJT assessment? What are the objectives of the OJT assessment?

(OJT) What is the meaning of the following statement in Part-66 Appendix III, Section 6: “The final assessment of the completed OJT is mandatory and…”?

Tasks listed in Appendix II of Part-66 for an OJT are not suited to large aircraft. Shall we select the OJT tasks only from this list?

How tasks for OJT shall be selected for different licences?

Since the OJT is intended for the first aircraft type endorsement within a given licence (sub)category, does this mean that it can be performed on different aircraft types typical for that (sub)category?

What should be the content of the OJT procedure in MOE chapter 3.15?

I work in a maintenance organisation approved by the competent authority of a country different from the one who issued my Part-66 licence. An OJT programme via MOE chapter 3.15 has been approved by the competent authority of my maintenance organisation. However, my licensing authority refuses to accept the OJT from the organisation I’m working for. Why? What shall I do?

How can I carry out my OJT in a Part-145 approved maintenance organisation (AMO) whose principal place of business is located outside the EASA Member States?

Privileges of a Part-66 licence

I am the holder of a B1.2 licence (i.e “aeroplane piston”). Can I exercise my privileges for piston-engine non-pressurised aeroplanes1 of 2000 kg MTOM and below (i.e. category B3)?

Can I have endorsed in my Part-66 licence aircraft types for which the Basic Regulation is not applicable?

Is there a requirement to have 6 months’ experience every 2 years to maintain the validity of the Part-66 licence?

As a category A certifying staff at line, can my authority allow me to carry out more tasks than those specified in AMC 145.A.30(g)?

Part-147

Others

Shall a Part-147 approved organisation have a mandatory occurrence reporting system according to (EU) No.376/2014?

Part-147 approved organisations can also give courses outside the scope of Part-66. Can these courses be certified? (e.g. continuation training for the purpose of the certifying staff privileges as required by 145.A.35, task training, NDT, engine run, HF, SMS, etc.)

How can I become an EASA aircraft maintenance instructor?

Should the Part-147 organisation’s quality system be audited?

Basic training

Is it possible to grant a Part-147 approval to a training organisation which intend to conduct only training on one or only several modules?

I have completed a part of my basic training course (including some module examinations) in an approved Part-147 organisation. I’m moving to another country and would like to continue my basic training in a Part-147 organisation located in the country where I move in. Is this possible? What will happen with my certificates? Can I get the maximum reduction of the experience required for the Part-66 licence?

Is it possible to grant a Part-147 approval to a training organisation which intend to conduct only basic knowledge examinations?

Is it possible to grant a Part-147 approval to an organisation applying only for basic knowledge training?

Part-147 approved organisations have the privilege to carry out basic examinations on behalf of the competent authority. Does this imply that the said authority has to supply or approve examination questions?

Type training

Is it possible to perform aircraft type training in two different organisations? Can I do my practical portion of the type training in a Part-145 organisation?

How should the 50% of tasks required for practical training be selected? Should it be 50% of tasks as per glossary (e.g. LOC, FOT, SGH, R/I, etc.)?

What is the minimum duration of the practical element of the aircraft type training?

Examination

Can an examination be limited to some modules only, or one module only or part of a module only?

Should examiners be specialists in the subjects, or can they be responsible for the proper conduct of the examination without being responsible for the content?

What is the maximum number of students attending the examination?

Air Operations

Air Operations - General

In the definition of ‘commercial operation’ published in Art. 2 of Regulation (EU) 965/2012 (introduced by the amending Reg. (EU) 2018/1975), what is the meaning of the term “control”?

Would there be a restriction that requires baby bassinets to be removed and stowed during in-flight turbulent weather conditions? Where is it documented?

What are the essential requirements?

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What do 'grandfathering', 'transition measure' and 'opt-out' mean?

What is the difference between 'entry into force' and 'date of applicability' in the Cover Regulations?

When will the new rules on air operations be applicable?

What is the comitology procedure?

Why can't I find EU-OPS on the EASA website?

What is the status of 'Implementing Rules', 'Acceptable Means of Compliance' (AMC), ‘Certification Specifications’ (CS), Alternative Means of Compliance (AltMOC), 'Guidance Material' (GM), ‘Special Conditions’ and 'Frequently Asked Questions'(FAQ)?

Does Reg. (EU) No 965/2012 on air operations also apply to non-commercial operations?

I am not familiar with the Air ops rules’ structure. Which parts apply to which operators?

How can I find out where a rule from EU-OPS / JAR-OPS 3 has been transposed in the new Regulation (EU) 965/2012 on Air Operations and its amendments, as well as its associated EASA Decisions, and if any changes have been introduced?

Which operational requirements (EU/EASA Parts) apply to flight activities carried out by an aircraft designer or aircraft manufacturer?

Where can I find a list of alternative means of compliance that have been adopted by operators and NAAs in the EU?

Definitions

What are critical phases of flight?

What are 'Sterile Flight Deck Procedures'?

What is the difference between 'commercial operation' and 'commercial air transport (CAT) operation'?

Part-ARO

AMC2 ARO.GEN.305(c) Oversight programme (c) stipulates that audits should include at least one on-site audit within each oversight planning cycle. What is meant by an 'on-site audit' in this sentence? Could it be so that every audit undertaken by an NAA could be performed while sitting in the NAA's office and reviewing operator's documents and procedures and only one of those audits should be undertaken in a way that NAA inspectors actually visit an operator on-site?

How do the provisions on wet-leasing articulate with Regulation (EU) No 452/2014 on Third Country Operators (TCO)?

Must the competent authority check and approve the content of the operator's Safety Management Manual?

How do the provisions on code-sharing articulate with the Regulation applying to Third Country Operators (Part TCO)?

Part-ORO

ORO.GEN

ORO.GEN.110 (a): “The operator is responsible for the operation of the aircraft in accordance with Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008”. Is this requirement met when an Operator follows the Implementing Rules (965/2012)?

What are the responsibilities of the AOC holder required to implement a management system in accordance with ORO.GEN.200 in regards to continuing airworthiness management and contracted maintenance?

Is there a difference between safety risk management (SRM) and SMS?

Why do the EASA Air Operations rules use the term ‘management system’ (ORO.GEN.200) and not ‘safety management system’ (SMS), like in ICAO Annex 19? Is there a difference between the two concepts?

If an operator is considered complex , may a person hold the position as a Safety Manager and at the same time be one (or more) of the nominated persons as described in ORO.GEN.210(b), taken into account the size and complexity of the operator?

I am looking for the acceptance of post holders, particularly the Safety manager. In the AMC we agreed on the functions of the Safety manager, but did we agree on his or her acceptance?

Regarding ORO.GEN.200, could a commercial operator of complex motor powered aircraft, such as the Cessna Citation Bravo that operates within Europe and with no SPAs, be considered non-complex?

ORO.MLR

How should an operator use external material in relation with its operations manual (OM)?

ORO.FTL

FTL FAQ

Status of the EASA FAQ: What is the legal status of the EASA FAQ? My own understanding of this document is that it has no legal standing at all, insofar as it is neither an Implementing Rule (IR), Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC), Alternative Means of Compliance (AltMoc) nor even Guidance Material (GM).

Applicability of FTL requirements of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012: Why should we comply with the FTL requirements of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012, since we have a policy in our company that says otherwise?

Applicability of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012: What is the meaning of "applicable national flight time limitation legislation" in Article 8 (4) of Regulation 965/2012?

Collective Labour Agreements (CLA) - Regulation (EU) No 83/2014: Our company has a Collective Labour Agreement (CLA) and an approved IFTSS. Both contain rules about FPD’s, DP’s and rostering. Which one is leading?

Applicability of Subpart FTL (see also ORO.AOC.125): Does Subpart FTL apply in relation to non-revenue flights (ferry flights)?

Acclimatisation ORO.FTL.105(1): How should we determine the state of crew member acclimatisation in complex rotations?

Accommodation ORO.FTL.105 (3): Can the airport crew lounge be considered as “accommodation” for the purpose of standby or split duty? Can a hotel room for several crew members of the same gender be considered as “accommodation” for the purpose of standby and split duty?

Disruptive schedule ORO.FTL.105(8): Which criteria should be applied to determine a duty as disruptive if there is a time zone difference between the reporting point and the place where the duty finishes?

Definition of duty and duty period, ORO.FTL.105 (10), ORO FTL 105 (11): Must the time for self-preparation (e.g. preparing for the checks associated with initial or recurrent training) be entered in the schedule of the crew members and recorded?

Single day free of duty ORO FTL 105 (23): A ‘single day free of duty’ consists of one day and two local nights. Does the last day of several consecutive days free of duty need to contain at least one day and two nights?

Sector ORO.FTL.105 (24), (see also ORO.FTL.205 (f)(6)): In an abnormal or emergency situation a take-off might not be executed meaning that a sector was not completed. Such situation is likely to increase flight crew workload and fatigue. How could this be mitigated?

Changes to a published roster: Is it possible to make changes to a published roster?

Change of FDP after reporting: Can a rostered FDP be changed (re-planned) after crew members have reported?

Roster publication, (see also AMC1 ORO.FTL.110(a) and ORO.GEN.120): Are airline operators allowed to publish monthly rosters in less than 14 days in advance?

Reporting times ORO.FTL.110(c), (see also ORO.FTL.205(c)): Can the pre-flight reporting time for non-augmented flight crew members reporting for the same FDP be different?

Operational robustness ORO.FTL.110(j): How should operational robustness be assessed?

Flying activities outside an AOC (see also ORO.FC.100): How will activities as an instructor or an examiner performed by an operating crew member in their free time be considered for the purpose of duty time and rest periods?

Deviation from the applicable CS ORO.FTL.125 (c) (see also ARO.OPS.235): What does a deviation from the applicable CS mean or derogation from an implementing rule?

Flight time specification scheme for air taxi operations, (see also Articles 2 (6) and 8(2) of Regulation (EU) no 965/2012): An air taxi operator has both an aeroplane with less than 19 seats and one aeroplane with more than 20 seats. What FTL regulation shall the crew who is flying both types follow?

Approval of Individual Flight Time Specification Schemes (IFTSS), (see also ARO.OPS.235):

Unknown state of acclimatisation GM1 ORO.FTL.205(b)(1): If the crew member is in an unknown state of acclimatisation, what is the reference time?

Unknown state of acclimatisation ORO.FTL.205(b)(3): What are the daily FDP limits when crew members are in an unknown state of acclimatisation under fatigue risk management (FRM)?

Mixing FDPs extended without in-flight rest and FDP’s extended due to in-flight rest ORO.FTL.205 (d) ORO.FTL.205 (e): Is it possible to roster two extended FDPs without in-flight rest and one extended FDP with in-flight rest in 7 consecutive days?

Planned FDP extensions ORO.FTL.205(d): Must planned extensions be included in the operator’s roster?

Planned FDP extensions ORO.FTL.205(d) (see also ORO.FTL.105(1)): Can a crew member acclimatised to the local time of the departure time zone (‘B’ state), but not acclimatised to the local time where he/she starts the next duty (‘D’ state), be assigned a planned extended flight?

Commander’s discretion ORO.FTL.205(f): Do we need to use Commander’s discretion if actual FDP is going to last more than planned but less than the maximum daily FDP allowed?

Commander’s discretion ORO.FTL.205(f): When should commander’s discretion be used?

Commander’s discretion ORO.FTL.205(f), (see also ORO.FTL.205 (d)): 1. What is the maximum FDP extension allowed under commander’s discretion? 2. How would commander’s discretion apply when the FDP of a non-augmented crew has already been extended in accordance with ORO.FTL.205 (d))?

Commander’s discretion ORO.FTL.205(f): Referring to commander’s discretion, do I need to consider the reporting time and number of sectors?

Conversion/line checks Post flight duty ORO.FTL.210: How should briefings and debriefings during conversion/line checks be accounted for?

Post-flight duty AMC1 ORO.FTL.210(c): What should the operator do if the actual post flight duty time is longer than the established time in the OM?

Positioning for purposes other than operating ORO.FTL.215 (b): How should time spent to travel from the place of rest or home base to a simulator (when outside the base) be taken into account?

Positioning ORO.FTL.215: Does positioning begin when the crew member arrives at the airport/train station or when the aeroplane/train leaves?

Positioning ORO.FTL.215: Shall a positioning between active sectors count as a sector for a pilot or cabin crew?

Split duty ORO.FTL. 220: Is it possible to have more than one split duty within one FDP?

Standby ORO.FTL.225(a) (see also CS FTL.1.225 and GM1 CS FTL.1.225(a)): Can a standby be finished before the planned “end time notified in advance”, after a notification during the standby (saying that there will be no assignment) and the rest period be initiated at the time of the notification of the new standby end?

Reserve ORO.FTL.230: Can a reserve, during which no flight was assigned, be considered as a day off afterwards?

Rest prior to an FDP ORO.FTL.235 (a): If a crew member with office duties spends one day in the office, what should be the duration of the rest before his/her reporting for an FDP?

Rest prior to a duty other than FDP ORO.FTL.235 (a): What is the duration of the rest period prior to a duty without FDP?

Reduction of recurrent extended recovery rest by commander’s discretion ORO.FTL.235(d) (see also ORO.FTL.205(f)): Can the extended recovery rest period be reduced with commander’s discretion?

Increase of interval between two recurrent extended recovery rest periods by commander’s discretion ORO.FTL.235(d) (see also ORO.FTL.205(f)): May the crew member exercise his/her discretion to finish back at home base exceeding the 168 hours’ time between two extended recovery rest periods? For example, a crew member is planned to finish his last FDP flying back to home base, two hours prior to reaching 168 hours. There is a departure delay which occurred after reporting. As a result, the crew member would exceed the 168 hours by 1 hour.

Increase of interval between two recurrent extended recovery rest periods ORO.FTL.235(d): Can the 168h limit between two extended recovery rest periods be extended? For example, a crew member reports at Paris on Monday at 7am and ends a series of flights in Singapore, on Sunday, at 8 pm; he/she should be given his/her extended recovery rest period in Singapore, but might be willing to come back to his/her base, hence infringing the 168h limit through positioning.

Re-planning of recurrent extended recovery rest period ORO.FTL.235 (d): Is re-planning of a recurrent extended recovery rest period allowed and when?

Record keeping ORO.FTL.245: Do records required in ORO.FTL.245 have to reflect planned or actual FDP, DP and rest?

Individual crew members’ records of flight time and duty periods ORO.FTL.245, (see also ORO.FTL.105):

Home base change CS FTL.1.200(b): Is it correct to understand that if a crew member is asked to report for an FDP at a reporting point other than his/her home base without extension of his/her recurrent extended recovery to 72h incl. 3 local nights, immediately prior to that FDP, the home base has not been changed for the purpose of Subpart FTL?

Consecutive night duties CS FTL.1.205(a)(1): What does ‘consecutive’ mean in the context of the requirements and limits of CS FTL.1.205?

Night duties CS FTL.1.205(a)(2), (see also GM1 CS FTL1.205 (a)(2)): Is it necessary to have an ‘approved’ FRM to operate long night duties (FDP over 10hrs)?

In-flight rest CS FTL.1.205(c) : Is it possible to extend the FDP, if not all pilots get an in-flight rest?

Maximum daily FDP with the use of extensions due to in flight rest CS FTL.1.205(c)(2): Why does the ‘maximum daily FDP with the use of extensions due to in flight rest’ not take into account the start of FDP at reference time?

Delayed reporting CS FTL.1.205(d)(1): Is it possible to inform crew members of a delay without giving the new reporting time?

Delayed reporting CS FTL.1.205(d)(1)(iii): Why does delayed reporting with a delay of less than 4 hours not account for the WOCL? Is there any scientific evidence for this?

Split duty (see also ORO.FTL.205 (b)(2) and ORO.FTL.220): Can split duty be scheduled when crew members are in an unknown state of acclimatisation?

Split duty CS FTL.1.220 (b): Are the 30 minutes for post and pre-flight duties as well as travelling counted in total or 30 min for post flight duties, 30 min for travelling after post flight duties, 30 min for travelling before pre-flight duties and 30 min for pre-flight duties?

Split duty CS FTL.1.220(d): Should suitable accommodation be provided for a split duty?

Rest after airport standby or other-standby CS FTL.1.225 (a)(1)& CS FTL.1.225 (b)(4): What is the basis for rest calculation after a standby followed by an FDP? Is it the reporting time for standby or the “actual reporting time” for the assigned FDP?

Airport standby CS FTL.1.225 (a)(2)(ii): Why does CS FTL.1.225 (a)(2)(ii) not stipulate the maximum duration of airport standby?

Airport standby CS FTL 1.225(a)(2)(ii), (see also ORO.FTL.205 (b)&(d); CS FTL 1.205 (a) (2)): We understand that the limit of 16 hours is not applicable when airport standby is followed by a FDP with in-flight rest. Does that mean that there is no limit for that kind of situation?

Other-standby followed by an FDP CS FTL.1.225(b)(2): How shall an operator expect a crew member to use whole or part of a standby for sleep when there are disturbance factors like difficulty to fall asleep, disturbed sleep due to sick children, waking-up by external noise, etc.?

Awake time CS FTL 1 225 (b)(2): Who is responsible for making sure that the 18h are not exceeded? The crew member or the operator? Can the operator fully transfer the responsibility to the crew member?

Other-standby CS FTL.1.225(b)(2), (see also CAT.OP.MPA.210(a)(3)): Would using a controlled rest procedure while the flight crew member is at his/her assigned station break the 18-hour awake time?

Other-standby CS FTL.1.225(b)(3): How is the time spent on other-standby before an assignment accounted for?

Other-standby CS FTL.1.225 (b), (see also ORO.FTL.105 (25)): Is it possible during other-standby to assign an FDP with a reporting time after the rostered end of that standby period has elapsed?

Other-standby modified to airport standby CS FTL.1.225, (see also ORO.FTL.105 (25)): Can other-standby be modified to airport standby during the standby? For example, can a pilot on home standby be required to go to the airport to continue on airport standby? What limits must be used?

Reserve and other-standby CS FTL.1.230: While a crew member is on reserve, can his/her assignment be changed and continue as a home standby?

Reserve CS FTL 1.230(b): Is there any rest requirement after a reserve period, if there is no assignment of duty period during the reserve?

Reserve CS FTL.1.230 (d): Is it necessary to have an FRM to protect an 8-hour sleep opportunity during reserve?

Reserve CS FTL 1.230(d): Should the period of 8 hours run consecutively or is it possible to break it in two different periods?

Rest between disruptive schedules CS FTL.1.235(a)(1), (see also ORO.FTL.105(8)): The rule for transition between late finish/night duty and early start says that the rest between the FDPs needs to include a local night. Does this mean that the rule only applies if the late finish/night duty and the early duty are FDP’s?

Rest compensation for time zone differences CS FTL.1.235(b)(3)(i): How should we count the time elapsed (h) since reporting for the first FDP in a rotation involving at least 4 hour time difference to the reference time?

Reduced rest CS FTL.1.235(b)(3)(ii), (see also ORO.FTL.235 (c) and (e)): Is it possible to reduce the 14h rest away from home base following an FDP involving a 4-hour time difference or more?

Rest to compensate for time zone differences CS FTL.1.235(b)(4): What does Eastward-Westward or Westward-Eastward transition mean?

Monitoring Time Zone Differences CS FTL.1.235(b)(5): Does the requirement to monitor combinations of rotations require FRM in accordance with ORO.FTL.120?

Reduced rest CS FTL.1.235(c)(5): Is it possible to apply reduced rest to two consecutive rest periods?

Nutrition ORO.FTL.240: Are nutrition provisions subject to a specific NAA's approval and can they be documented elsewhere in the OM-A, not necessarily Chapter 7.

Fatigue management training ORO.FTL.250 AMC1 ORO.FTL.250: What should be the minimum requirements for a fatigue management instructor? Is a CRMi course enough? Is a safety manager ready and without other training to deliver a course? Can someone that has received a few hours course in accordance with AMC1 ORO.FTL.250 repeat the course to others?

Cabin Crew

Use of baby bassinets on board

Use of baby bassinets on board

Use of Child Seats on Board

Can I use a child seat on board for my baby/child? What about a rear-facing child seat?

Medical fitness

Is Cabin Crew Member required to carry his/her medical certificate when on duty?

Decrease of medical fitness and an ‘unfit’ medical report.

Where can I find the EU medical requirements for Cabin Crew?

Language proficiency

Is there any requirement on cabin crew member(s) communication with passengers in a certain language?

Do cabin crew members have to be able to speak English to obtain their Cabin Crew Attestation?

Practical ‘raft’ training

Why does Initial training under Part-CC require practical ‘raft’ training even if the operator’s aircraft is not equipped with slide rafts or life rafts?

Fire and smoke training

What are the requirements for cabin crew fire/smoke training?

Aircraft type training

Do I have to undergo Aircraft type specific training and operator conversion training with every new operator I join if I am already qualified on that aircraft type?

Can a cabin crew training organisation (CCTO) provide Aircraft type specific training and operator conversion training?

Reduction of cabin crew during ground operations

Do the evacuation procedures with a reduced number of required cabin crew during ground operations or in unforeseen circumstances require prior endorsement?

Instructor and Examiner being the same person – conflict of interest

Instructor who provided any topic of the Initial training should not act as Examiner to avoid conflict of interest. What about small operators / cabin crew training organisations employing only one ground Instructor, for example to cover dangerous goods or aero-medical aspects and first aid?

Minimum required cabin crew

Determination of the minimum required number of cabin crew on an aircraft

Working for multiple operators

I work for Operator A and have short/long-term contract(s) with Operator B. What training do I require when I return back to Operator A after the completion of my short/long-term contract with Operator B?

Passenger safety briefing

Is there any requirement on what language(s) should be used for information provided to passengers via safety briefings and announcements?

Cabin Crew Attestation

My Cabin Crew Attestation was issued in EU Member State A. I would like to join an operator in EU Member State B. Is my Cabin Crew Attestation recognised in EU Member State B?

My cabin crew qualification document was issued in a country that is not a member of the European Union and is not an EASA Member State either. Is my cabin crew qualification document recognised in the European Union?

What is the definition of ‘cabin crew member’? Does the definition of Aircrew include cabin crew members?

Part-CAT

Are there any requirements for loadmasters?

Referring to Annex II - AMC 20-6 rev.2, on ETOPS Applicability, is ETOPS approval required or not for aircraft with a seating configuration of 19 or less and a maximum take-off mass of less than 45 360 kg and not exceeding 180 minutes at the approved one-engine-inoperative speed (in still air) from an adequate aerodrome?

NPAs CDFA-SA with IAP instrument approach procedure expressing minima as a "DA/H" should have an "ADD-ON" or not? Am I allowed to go a little bellow the "DA/H" while performing a missed approach/going around?

Is there any regulatory statement by which it is required for all European aeroplanes to carry a defibrillator on board?

What is the meaning of ‘where applicable’ in relation to the data link recording requirements in CAT.IDE.A.195, CAT.IDE.H.195, NCC.IDE.A.170, NCC.IDE.H.170, SPO.IDE.A.150 and SPO.IDE.H.150?

AMC1 (a) to CAT.IDE.A.280 says, “Batteries used in the ELTs should be replaced (or recharged, if the battery is rechargeable) when the equipment has been in use for more than 1 cumulative hour”. What should be understood by “in use for more than 1 cumulative hour”?

Does the operator need an exemption to CAT.OP.MPA.160 to use the passenger cabin as a cargo compartment?

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Part-SPA

SPA.HEMS.110 Equipment requirements for HEMS operations specifies: "The installation of all helicopter dedicated medical equipment and any subsequent modifications and, where appropriate, its operation shall be approved in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003". Does it mean that even a defibrillator or an oxylog has to be approved in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1702/2003 or (EU) 748/2012? Or does it mean that only the fix installed medical equipment, such as a stretcher or a fix provision, has to be approved?

Dangerous Goods

Is there a European regulation on dangerous goods training requirements or should each European country follow its own national regulations?

Q2: What are the rules concerning the carriage of portable air concentrators (POC) on board? Can they be used during the whole flight?

Q1: What are the rules for passengers using bottled oxygen on board an aircraft?

Which operators have to establish and maintain dangerous goods training programmes? Which training programmes should be approved by the authority?

Part-NCC/NCO

Are there differences between the European Air Ops rules for NCC and ICAO SARPs?

Do NCC operators with non-EU registered aircraft need to maintain two different Operations Manuals?

My operations manual (OM) uses a template provided by a recognised industry standard. Is this sufficient for me to be compliant with the rules?

What is the intent of the declaration?

How can an NCC operator establish if its organisation is complex or non-complex?

Is the European State of the Operator principle for NCC operations in contradiction to the Chicago Convention?

Is a CAMO required for a European NCC operator using a third-country registered aircraft?

Why are non-commercial operations treated in two Parts, i.e. Part NCC (non-commercial with complex motor-powered aircraft and a Part NCO (non-commercial with other-than-complex motor-powered-aircraft)?

Which requirements does an ATO need to follow? Is Part ORO applicable?

What is the meaning of the term NCC?

Which is the competent authority responsible for the oversight of the NCC operations in Europe?

Which Annexes of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 are applicable to NCC operations?

May a European NCC or NCO operator use third-country registered aircraft?

Which pilot licence is required for flying a third-country registered aircraft in the EU?

Why do European rules require a list of specific approvals?

Do the European rules recognise if an operator conforms to European industry standards?

How should I start building my SMS if I have a very small organisation (up to 2-3 persons) and I operate a complex aeroplane or helicopter?

We are an aero-club authorised by Member State X to perform skydiving operations. We operate a non-complex aircraft dry-leased from an operator registered in Member State Y. Our skydivers and the tandem passengers are registered members of the aero-club; there is no profit distributed outside our organisation. Which Parts of Regulation (EU) 965/2012 apply to us? Which is our competent authority?

Does an NCO operator established in an EU Member State and operating an aircraft registered in a third country need to comply with the Airworthiness Directives (AD) issued by EASA, in addition to the ADs issued by the State of Registry?

Part-SPO

How to distinguish between a ‘commercial’ SPO operator and a ‘non-commercial’ SPO operator?

Are we a ‘complex’ or ‘non-complex’ operator considering the fact that we have five FTEs and four types of non-complex helicopters?

Can I use third-country registered aircraft for my SPO operations?

We operate a helicopter that is Annex II aircraft according to the Basic Regulation. How should we continue to conduct SPO now? Do we need any exemption?

Why may a SPO operator not carry on board passengers on an aerobatic flight?

Now, thanks to Art. 6 (8) of Reg. (EU) 965/2012, I operate non-commercially a twin turbo-propeller aircraft below 5.7 t MCTOM in accordance with Part-NCO. May I also carry out non-commercial specialised operations with the same aircraft under Part-NCO?

Is it permissible for me to determine myself whether the operations I conduct are eligible for the alleviation of SPO.GEN.005 (c)?

What do the terms ‘marginal activity’, ‘direct cost’, ‘annual cost’ and ‘organisation created with the aim of promoting aerial sport or leisure aviation’ mean?

Are we high-risk or non-high-risk commercial specialised operator?

Do I need two authorisations, if the lists of high-risk commercial SPO of different Member States differ?

What is the meaning of "applicable national flight time limitation legislation" in Article 8 (4) of regulation 965/2012?

My SPO operations fall under Part-SPO. What type of certification shall I expect from my competent authority – AOC or other type?

Who must submit a declaration?

Is the skydiving activity itself under the scope of Regulation (EU) No 965/2012?

Can I fly an aeroplane for commercial parachute dropping operation with my PPL (A)?

Is 'MOPSC' (Maximum Operational Passenger Seating Configuration') applicable in case of parachute dropping, where only task specialists are carried?

How is a ramp inspector supposed to know the nature of a particular SPO flight (commercial or non-commercial)?

If I hold an AOC and want to perform SPO activities (commercial and non-commercial) with the same aircraft registered on my AOC, do I have to submit a declaration too?

Must an operator holding specific approvals (SPAs) for its CAT operations apply for the same SPAs when it also conducts specialised operations?

Is it allowed to perform specialised operations with a permit-to-fly or is a CofA mandatory at all times?

Does Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 also apply to third-country operators that conduct specialised operations in an EU Member State?

Can we integrate the processes for a permission under Part-SERA and with high-risk authorisation (HRA) under Part-ARO?

Can we integrate the processes for a permission under Part-SERA and with high-risk authorisation (HRA) under Part-ARO?

Can I carry out ‘limited operations’ with aircraft having FC/PtF for NCO ?

Helicopter operations

Do additional equipment for HEC (ropes, harnesses) now require an airworthiness approval?

How do I train the pilots if I plan to operate HEC with a video camera and no mirrors / bubble window?

Which standards are applicable to Helicopter terrain awareness systems (HTAWS)?

Special Categories of Passengers (SCPs)

Who is an SCP?

I am tall or have other circumstances. Do I belong to the group of SCPs?

Airspace Usage requirements

Airspace Usage requirement (ACAS II v7.1)

What does the Commission Regulation (EU) No 1332/2011 require by 01 December 2015?

Is it possible to be exempt from the requirement to be equipped with collision avoidance logic version 7.1 ( ACAS II V7.1) for a limited period of time, for only one flight, for the execution of a ferry flight per maintenance purposes, for the execution of a non-commercial air transport flight (i.e. general aviation flight) or for a State flight? And what if I have technical difficulties to upgrade my aircraft before 01/12/2015?

I voluntarily installed ACAS II V7.0 on my aircraft even it was not required to. Do I have to upgrade to ACAS II V7.1?

Third Country Operators (TCO)

Third Country Operators - General

Are approvals obtained in the field of aviation security (e.g., ACC3) considered in the TCO Authorisation process?

How long should we expect the process to take for the initial TCO authorisation?

How is the economic aspect of the approval (commercial traffic rights - air services agreement) split from the EASA Safety oversight element?

Does EASA collect any fees or charges to operators under Part-TCO?

Applications for TCO a Authorisation

Who has access to the EASA TCO web-interface?

How do we get our original Authorisation?

Where can I find the TCO technical specifications associated with my TCO authorisation?

What is the "TCO Authorisation number" mentioned on the TCO Authorisation?

What are the technical requirements needed to access the EASA TCO web interface?

Will Member States or EASA be responsible for the authorisation of special approvals, e.g. for Low Visibility Operations (LVO)?

Is there any effect on an operator who applies for a TCO if an EASA Member State is not ICAO compliant with a specific ICAO standard (and has notified a difference accordingly)?

With respect to the “Alternative means of Compliance” provision in TCO.105(a), can we deviate from an ICAO standard if we submit a risk assessment to EASA?

Are EU Member States involved in related processes?

How can we obtain operating permits for commercial operations to EASA member States?

Which aircraft should be notified in the TCO Web Interface as part of our TCO application?

We have applied for an EASA TCO authorisation but it has not yet been granted. Can we operate to the EU before we have received an EASA TCO authorisation?

What is the difference between the EASA TCO authorisation and an operating permit issued by an EASA member State?

Which information must an air operator provide during the administrative TCO application?

Where do I find the TCO application form?

How can I submit my application form?

How do I submit my technical data?

How do I get access to the EASA TCO web-interface?

Can you explain the steps involved in the TCO application process, beginning with how the carrier should initiate contact to apply, through to the issuance of the TCO authorisation?

How much in advance should an application for TCO authorisation be submitted before the intended starting date of our EU operations?

Applicability

We run a helicopter operation and are contracted for aerial work in the EU. Do I have to apply for a TCO authorisation?

Our operation is currently subject to an operating ban in accordance with the EU Air Safety List (Reg. (EC) No 2111/2005). Can we nevertheless apply for a TCO authorisation?

We are a non-EU AOC holder with no plans to fly commercially to the EU. However, our maintenance facility is located in the EU. Do I need a TCO authorisation when flying there?

How will EU-OPS provisions on code-sharing interact with Part-TCO?

Leasing scenario 1. We plan to wet lease-out one of our aircraft to an EU operator. The operations will be performed under our own AOC, with our crew and under our full operational responsibility. Do we need a TCO authorisation?

Leasing, scenario 2. Could you specify if the lessor must have a TCO authorisation in the following situation? A third country operator (lessee) uses an aircraft wet leased-in from a non-EU carrier operating flights under the AOC of the lessor, using the flight number of the third-country operator.

Leasing, scenario 3. Could you specify if the lessor must have a TCO authorisation in the following situation? A third country operator (lessee) uses an aircraft for commercial air transport operations to the EU that is dry leased-in from another non-EU or EU operator (lessor).

Leasing, scenario 4. Could you specify for these three cases if the lessor must have a TCO authorisation? Case 1: A third country operator (lessee) uses an aircraft wet leased-in from an EU carrier (lessor) operating flights to the EU under the AOC of the lessor, and using the flight number of the third-country operator.

Which EU operating rules are applicable to third country operators?

Do AOC holders certified by an EASA Member State need to apply for a TCO authorisation?

Are there any territories related to the EU to which a third country operator can fly without holding a TCO authorisation?

Will the TCO authorisation cover the transport of forbidden Dangerous Goods?

For a flight requiring diplomatic clearance, does it need to be performed under a TCO authorisation?

My principle place of business (POB) is in an EU overseas territory which is not listed in the scope of Commission Regulation (EU) No 452/2014. Do I need a TCO authorisation to fly to territories which are in the scope of Commission Regulation (EU) 452/2014 ?

Is a TCO authorisation required by Business Aviation Operators?

We are a U.S. 14 CFR Part 91 operator. Are we subject to a TCO authorisation?

We are a U.S. 14 CFR Part 125 Operator. Do we need a TCO Authorisation issued by EASA for operations to EU territories?

I plan to overfly EU territories without intending to land. Is a TCO authorisation required?

I plan a technical fuel stop in EU territories. Is a TCO authorisation required?

I plan to fly from a non-EU departure airport to a non-EU destination airport and I intend to file a destination alternate airport in the territory of an EASA Member State. Can I do this without holding a TCO authorisation?

We are a U.S. 14 CFR Part 135 operator. Do I need to hold an authorisation if I intend flying commercially to Europe?

Do non-scheduled charter operators need a TCO authorisation?

One-off notification flights

What type of operations may be performed under a one-off notification?

Under which conditions may I apply for a one-off notification?

Where do I find the One-off notification form?

What information must an air operator provide with the one-off notification form?

What is a one-off notification?

How do I apply for a one-off notification?

How long is a ‘one-off notification’ valid?

Under which circumstances may I re-apply for a one-off notification?

What happens if I did not apply formally for a TCO authorisation within ten (10) working days following the ‘one-off notification date?

What happens following the submission of the ‘one-off notification’ accompanied with the provided application form and supporting documents?

What happens if EASA has not taken any decision on my formal TCO application for a TCO authorisation within the consecutive six (6) weeks (42 calendar days) following the ‘one-off notification date?

What happens if EASA takes a negative decision regarding my formal TCO application for a TCO authorisation within the consecutive six (6) weeks (42 calendar days) following the ‘one-off notification date?

How can I submit my one-off notification form and the supporting documents?

Technical Issues

Does EASA require us to keep current a registry of aircraft?

Can EASA issue a TCO authorisation in the absence of any aircraft compliant with the applicable standards of the Annexes to the Chicago Convention?

My aircraft is not fitted with a reinforced cockpit door. Can I use it for flights to the EU?

Can EASA issue a TCO authorisation to an operator with open SAFA ramp inspection findings?

Can EASA issue a TCO authorisation in case for one or more aircraft, a non-compliance is found with the applicable standards of the Annexes to the Chicago Convention?

Are there recognised industry standards or third-party audit programmes (e.g., ISO 9001, IOSA, IS-BAO, Air Charter Safety Foundation IAS, etc.) that, if accomplished, may ease the assessment process for operators requesting authorisation?

Initial Airworthiness

Can "Field Loadable Software" be delivered with an EASA Form 1 and is an EASA Form 1 required for installation?

What is the definition of "Critical parts"?

What is the mandate of the Agency for Environmental issues? What does the Agency concretely do?

Design Approval: FAA Supplementary Type Certificates (STC) approved by National Aviation Authorities (NAAs) before 28-09-03 are deemed to be approved by EASA. If the NAA has limited the approval in scope compared to the original FAA STC such that it does not cover all the models, how can we apply for an extension of the scope?

Why and how must Parts and Appliances be marked, when are the letters EPA required, and which exceptions are acceptable?

Can manufacturers of raw materials obtain a Production Organisation Approval (POA) under Part 21 Subpart G?

Should parts fabricated under a maintenance approval (Part 145) be marked with an EPA (European Part Approval) marking in accordance with Part 21A.804(a)(3)?

EASA STC’s being presented for approval when the pre-mod configuration is not EASA approved. What are EASA changes embedded in Non-EASA approved design?

How can I find one particular AMC-20 in the published AMC-20 amendments?

According to point 21.A.95(c), minor changes to a type-certificate can be approved using Certifications Specifications which became applicable after those incorporated by reference in the type-certificate, provided that they do not affect the demonstration of compliance. Could you please clarify under which conditions the demonstration of compliance is not affected?

Trending

How to use information and communication technologies for performing remote audits on to DOA, LoA/POA, AMO, CAMO, CAO and AMTO holders?

Trending

How to remotely conduct in real-time tasks for the issuance of an ‘EASA Form 1’ for prototype and new produced parts, appliances, and products other than complete aircraft, using information and communication technologies (ICT)?

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Basic Regulation

What does the EASA Basic Regulation apply to? How many extensions of the scope have there been?

Trending

What is the scope of the Basic Regulation regarding aerodromes foreseen under Article 2(1)(e)?

What are Opt-ins and Opt-outs?

Does the opt-in possibility for Annex I aircraft referred to in Article 2(4) apply also to air operations and air crew licensing?

What is the opt-in for state operations/ aircraft? What is the opt-in for military aircraft?

In the context of the exclusion of some operations from the scope of the Basic Regulation - such as military, police, coast guard and search and rescue operations - how to interpret the sentence in Article 2(3)(a) “similar activities or services under the control and responsibility of a Member State, undertaken in the public interest by or on behalf of a body vested with the powers of a public authority”?

What are the differences between an implementing act and a delegated act? Have any delegated acts been adopted?

What will happen with the exemptions granted by Member States under Regulation (EC) 216/2008 Article 4(3b)?

Which kind of measures can the Commission apply against the National aviation authorities who do not comply with their obligations deriving from Regulation (EU) No 2018/1139 and of the delegated and implementing acts?

What is the 'Basic Regulation'?

Trending

ATCO Licensing

ATCO Licensing

Should an STDI endorsement be issued for an OJTI when the person has not successfully completed an OJTI training course, but has successfully completed a training course for the STDI endorsement?

Can a Member State accept an ATCO license issued in accordance with the laws of a third country?

Should an STDI endorsement be issued for an OJTI when the medical certificate has been withdrawn?

Why is there a difference in the requirements on the responsibility for undertaking assessment of previous competence in ATCO.B.010(b) compared with ATCO.B.001(d) and ATCO.B.005(e) and how should the difference be interpreted? Some say that the assessment could be conducted by a unit training organisation, while others are of the opinion that the assessment and if needed, additional rating training is to be done by an initial training organisation.

Do STDI instructors need a valid English language endorsement in their licences to obtain and to exercise their privileges?

Regulation 805/2011 requires one or more rating endorsements, including TCL and OCN, to be added to an ACS rating. However, Regulation 2015/340 does not appear to allow for both the TCL and OCN ratings to be added to an ACS rating at the same time.

If an assessors is assessed medically unfit, is he/she is allowed to perform or conduct assessments?

What should be assessed and/or examined in relation to conversion training? When are the assessments/examinations to take place and who can conduct the assessments?

Should an STDI endorsement be issued for an OJTI who is no longer competent? In such case, is there a possibility for a temporary issue of the STDI endorsement or can the OJTI endorsement be retained on the licence if it is anticipated that the OJTI would regain competency?

What should be assessed and/or examined in relation to refresher training? When are the assessments/examinations to take place and who can conduct the assessments?

How should the pages and the information in Item XIIa ‘Rating and endorsements with expiry date’ be arranged within the ATCO licence format?

How should ratings and rating endorsements be linked together in the proposed licence format? There are two rating endorsements (Terminal Control (TCL) and Oceanic Control (OCN)) that can be attached either to the Approach Control Surveillance (APS) or the Area Control Surveillance (ACS) rating. The licence template establishes in point IX a place for ratings and another one for rating endorsements, with no link between these two. The question is how to differentiate between the two: to which rating (APS or ACS) corresponds each one of those rating endorsements (TCL or OCN)? Is it necessary at all to make the distinction?

ATCOs who already hold a licence with an on-the-job training instructor (OJTI) endorsement according to Regulation (EU) No 805/2011, could they have their licence replaced to include the synthetic training device instructor (STDI) endorsement, with the same expiry dates?

Is the same ‘practical instructional techniques course’ valid for obtaining/revalidating the OJTI/STDI licence endorsements?

How to deal with practical instructors employed at an initial training centre who no longer hold a medical certificate?

How to issue a licence with STDI privileges for applicants not holding a licence and associated ratings issued in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 805/2011?

Is there a requirement for an ATCO who holds an ACS rating to also hold an ACP rating?

It was explained at the ATCO Regulation Workshop in March 2015 that in the event of surveillance failure which results in having to switch to a procedural environment, once the failure is contained and the environment made safe, the provision of any further service would require an Approach Control Procedural (APP) or an Area Control Procedural (ACP) rating. What about if the unit or sector, operated in a rigid environment of 1 departure every 10 minutes, is to be handed over to a surveillance unit/sector and with no other traffic involved, would this be considered a requirement for the procedural rating?

The removal of the age limit from an ATCO licence is a difference against the ICAO Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPs). Are Member States required to file a difference to ICAO or has EASA already notified ICAO on behalf of Member States?

Initial Training Centre Assessors will be granted ‘grandfather rights’, according to Regulation (EU) 2015/340, with regard to the assessor endorsement. Shall this assessor privilege be endorsed on their licence?

Appendix 1 of Annex 2 is quite prescriptive as regards the content of the licence. It indicates that each page pf the licence shall be one-eighth A4 (first quality paper). Do we need to identify all the pages with numbers and do they all belong to the same piece of paper? For the optional item V (holder’s address), should we decide not to ask for it, can we delete line V from the licence?

Is it acceptable to have a licence with electronic elements, with the possibility for the ATCO to get the data via the Internet or by connecting the licence to a computer? Is a credit card format acceptable? If yes, can we have on the recto of the card the elements of page one, an on the verso the items of page 2? Is it compulsory to have all the permanent items displayed on the plastic card? Are there any EASA requirements for the font type and size, as well as the size of the card? For the signature of the holder, is it acceptable to use the signature on the application form and duplicate it on the licence (credit card format)?

What does ‘national licence endorsement’ mean in GM1 ATCO.AR.D.001(c)?

In case we have specimen of the new licences before issuing them, would EASA be in the position to verify whether they comply with the new requirements?

What are the assessor prerequisites for assessing applicant OJTIs and applicant assessors?

ATCO.A.010 ‛Exchange of licence’ — Is this procedure valid also for the medical certificate?

ATCO.AR.D.001(a)(2) ...authorisation for assessors... — Does this mean that the competent authority shall specifically approve the assessors who will renew and revalidate unit endorsements?

Radio-telephony — I cannot find any provisions in Regulation (EU) 2015/340 requiring ATCOs to hold a radio-telephony certificate in order to be able to provide Air Traffic Services (ATS). There is also nothing on this in the licence form.

It is still unclear whether training for a rating endorsement is initial training or unit training. Is it up to the competent authority to decide? If training for a rating endorsement is considered to be initial training, does the ATS unit providing the training need to be certified for initial training?

ATCO.D.015(f) ‛Initial training plan’ - What does this paragraph mean?

Is it possible for ANSPs to provide training (e.g. transitional, pre-OJT, OJT, and continuation training) when having ‘training’ marked on its ANSP certificate without being certified as an ATCO training organisation?

When a total number of minimum hours to exercising the privileges of unit endorsement is established e.g. 150 in accordance with ATCO.B.025(a)(3), would it be sufficient for an OJTI to exercise his/hers privilege for 75 hours and the remaining 75 as OJTI?

How would it be possible to obtain information about Alternative Means of Compliance (AltMoCs) to the requirements of Regulation 2015/340 used by other Member States?

Air traffic management (ATM)

ATM Basics

Where can I find Regulations, IRs, AMCs and GMs concerning ATM?

Is there a consolidated version of Regulation (EU) 2017/373?

What is the status of documents published during the EASA Rulemaking process such as Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) or Comment Response Document (CRD)? Can they be used if there is no EASA rule available?

What is the 'Cover Regulation'?

What do 'enter into force' and 'applicability' mean in the Cover Regulation?

ATM/ANS Specifics

Which ATM/ANS providers fall under the EASA Basic Regulation and its implementing rules?

What are the main regulations governing ATM/ANS?

What is the difference between ATM and ATC?

Is ATM/ANS personnel covered by Regulation (EU) 2017/373?

Who is the ATM/ANS Competent Authority in my country?

Who is the competent authority for ATM/ANS Pan-European services?

What are Air Navigation Services (ANS) according to EASA?

DAT

Is a DAT certificate issued per organisation or per office?