Reference: Regulation (EC) No 216/2008
The 'Basic Regulation' (BR) designates Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive 91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC, as amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 690/2009 and Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009. A consolidated version of the Basic Regulation can be found here.
Under the EU legal order, the Basic Regulation has general application. It is binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States. The main objective of the BR is to “establish and maintain a high uniform level of civil aviation safety in Europe” - Article 2 (1). Additional objectives are, among others, to ensure a high uniform level of environmental protection, to facilitate the free movement of goods, persons and services and to provide a level playing field for all actors in the internal aviation market” - Article 2 (2) (a), (b) and (f). One of the means to attain such objectives is “the preparation, adoption and uniform application of all necessary acts” - Article 2 (3) (a).
For that purpose, the BR conferred to the European Commission the power to adopt implementing rules which will detail how to comply with the essential requirements of the BR and will regulate the subject matters included in the its scope: airworthiness of aircraft, environmental protection, pilots, air operations, aerodromes, ATM/ANS, Air Traffic Controllers and aircraft used by third country operators into, within or out of the Community - see, among others, item 38 of the preamble to the BR.
One of EASA's (the Agency) tasks is to assist the Commission in the adoption of implementing rules, under Articles 18(a) and 19 BR.
Therefore, Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, as last amended, has been termed as the Basic Regulation in the Agency's documentation. The implementing rules proposed by the Agency take the form of Opinions addressed to the Commission. Once approved under the Comitology procedure, such implementing rules are published as Commission Regulations and this term appears in their titles.
Further FAQs on the Basic Regulation are available here.