Who issues the remote pilot competency certificate for the 'open' category and how long is it valid for?
For the ‘open’ category or standard scenarios, the National Aviation Authority is responsible for issuing the certificates. A certificate for Remote Pilot competency is valid for 5 years. If the revalidation is conducted before the certificate expires, the remote pilot may attend a seminar provided by the National Aviation Authority or by an entity recognised by it, otherwise competencies need to be re-demonstrated.
Regulatory reference: DRONE.OPEN.070 (1) of EU regulation 2019/947.