Upset Prevention and Recovery Training

Which pilots need to undergo what kind of UPRT?

The different ‘levels’ of UPRT (please refer to the FAQ ‘What is UPRT?’) will be integrated into pilot training as follows:

  • basic UPRT
    • all modular and integrated CPL and ATP training courses for aeroplanes as well as the integrated MPL training course
       
  • advanced UPRT course’
    • Part of; 
      • integrated ATP course
      • integrated MPL course
    • Perquisite to;
      • training courses for single-pilot class or type ratings operated in multi-pilot operations
      • training courses for single-pilot high performance complex aeroplanes
      • training courses for multi-pilot aeroplanes
  • class-or type-related UPRT
    • training courses for single-pilot high performance complex aeroplanes
    • training courses for multi-pilot aeroplanes
    • bridge course for extending privileges on a single-pilot aeroplane to multi-pilot operations
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From when UPRT will be mandatory?

The entry-into-force / start of applicability of the new UPRT provision will depend on the progress of the rulemaking process following the publication of EASA Opinion No 06/2017 on 29 June 2017. For the time being, 8 April 2019 is envisaged as the day from which the new regulatory framework on UPRT will apply. Transitional provisions will allow ongoing courses to be finished pursuant to the rules as in force today.

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To which extend flight synthetic training devices (FSTDs) can be used for UPRT?

Training and checking of UPRT exercises within the validated training envelope of the particular FSTD will be possible. In this context, it needs to be highlighted that the revised Part-FCL requirements will mandate the conduct of ‘approach-to-stall’ exercises only, with no obligation to conduct ‘post-stall’ exercises.

For further information, please refer to EASA Opinion No 06/2017, Section 2.3.8.

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Will UPRT also be mandatory for the LAPL and the PPL?

EASA Opinion No 06/2017 aims at integrating UPRT at various stages of a professional pilot’s career. The proposed new provisions of Part-FCL will therefore not be applicable to training courses for the light aircraft pilot licence (LAPL) and the private pilot licence (PPL).

However, in order to address the fact that loss of control in-flight is still a major issue in general aviation, EASA intends to revise the existing AMC/GM published with regard to the provisions of Part-FCL, with the objective to integrate basic UPRT elements into existing training syllabi for the LAPL and the PPL.

For further information, please refer to EASA Opinion No 06/2017, Section 2.3.1.

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What is UPRT?

UPRT stands for aeroplane ‘upset prevention and recovery training’ and constitutes a combination of theoretical knowledge and flying training with the aim of providing flight crew with the required competencies to both prevent and to recover from situations in which an aeroplane unintentionally exceeds the parameters for line operation or training (aeroplane upsets).

With the objective to introduce different ‘levels’ of UPRT at various stages of a professional pilot’s career, EASA has published its Opinion No 06/2017 and is currently revising the existing acceptable means of compliance (AMC) and guidance material (GM) published with regard to the provisions of Annex I (Part-FCL) to Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 as follows:

  • Basic UPRT will exercises to be integrated in all CPL and ATPL training courses as well as the MPL training course.
  • An ‘advanced UPRT course’ will include at least 5 hours of theoretical instruction as well as at least 3 hours of dual flight instruction in an aeroplane, with the aim to enhance the student’s resilience to the psychological and physiological aspects associated with upset conditions.
  • Class- or type-related UPRT during class or type rating training will address the specificities of the relevant class or type of aeroplane.
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