Legal framework

Occurrence reporting is one of the safety tools that enables the management of safety for aviation organisations and States. This fact is acknowledged and developed in the European Regulatory framework through Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and Regulation (EU) No 376/2014.

Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 contains specific reporting requirements placed in the domain-specific Implementing Rules. That is:

  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 for design and production;
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 for Part 145 and Part M maintenance/continuing airworthiness;
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 for flight crew;
  • Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/373 for ATM/ANS;
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 for Air Operations;
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 139/2014 for Aerodrome

Regulation (EU) No 376/2014, applicable since 15 November 2015 to aviation professionals, organisations and Member States, complements the EU Occurrence Reporting framework and further develops the standards for reporting, collecting, storing, protecting and disseminating the relevant safety information.

Its main objectives are to:

  • Prevent accidents through reporting, analysis and follow-up of relevant safety information at industry, national and EU level
  • Increase information exchange between aviation stakeholders by mean of the European Central Repository
  • Ensure continued availability of safety information by enhancing Just Culture

Regulation (EU) No 376/2014 is complemented by the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1018 laying down a list classifying occurrences in civil aviation to be mandatorily reported.

The European Aviation Safety Reporting Portal provides information and guidance material on the Regulation (EU) No 376/2014 and its practical implementation.