European Central Question Bank (ECQB)

The ECQB is a bank of some 10,000 questions (Multiple Choice Questions – MCQs) used by all EASA Member States for the theoretical knowledge examinations of flight crew (professional aeroplane and helicopter pilots and applicants for an instrument rating). It is an important safety tool, ensuring that pilots at European level have the appropriate knowledge and necessary competencies. The question bank today is under the responsibility of EASA.

The questions included in the ECQB cover all subjects used for the relevant Part-FCL theoretical knowledge examinations.
These are:

  • Air Law
  • Aircraft General Knowledge
    • Airframe / Systems / Power-plant
    • Instrumentation
  • Flight Performance and Planning
    • Mass and Balance
    • Performance (Aeroplanes)
    • Flight Planning and Monitoring
    • Performance (Helicopters)
  • Human Performance
  • Meteorology
  • Navigation
    • General Navigation
    • Radio Navigation
  • Operational Procedures
  • Principles of Flight
    • (Aeroplanes)
    • (Helicopters)
  • Communications
    • VFR Communications
    • IFR Communications

The EASA ECQB process

In order to continuously improve the quality of the questions and keep them up-to-date with regulatory and technological developments, the Agency has been implementing a new ECQB process since January 2015. The aim is to replace the existing question bank with new, current, accurate and relevant questions over the next 5 to 6 years. This also includes a thorough review of syllabi, Learning Objectives (LOs) and examination procedures.

According to this process, new questions are drafted by carefully selected and trained external experts. Thanks to close cooperation with Member States, new and existing questions are reviewed to assess their technical accuracy by subject matter experts nominated by the national aviation authorities. Further rounds of review, as well as the final approval, are performed by EASA.

If you wish to report an error contained in the current question bank, please use the form provided in the Download box below.


EASA aims to add some 1,500 new questions and review at least 2,000 existing questions on an annual basis. These new questions focus on areas needed to ensure full coverage of all syllabus items.

A dedicated rulemaking task (RMT.0595) has been running since early 2015 to update the currency and relevance of syllabi, LOs and examination procedures for the Instrument Rating (IR), Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) and Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL).

The Theoretical Knowledge syllabus and learning objectives

The ECQB follows the detailed syllabi and LOs published in AMC/GM associated with the Aircrew Regulation. For the ATPL, MPL (Multi-Crew Pilot Licence), CPL and IR, the relevant LOs were published in 2016 (ED Decision 2016/008/R). The LOs for the Competency-Based IR and En route IR were published in 2014 (ED Decision 2014/022/R).

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and confidentiality of the question bank

The ECQB is made available only to the competent authorities and only for the purpose of theoretical knowledge examinations. It is not publicly available. The ECQB is an asset of great significance for aviation safety. It is also subject to IPR protection. It is therefore of key importance to protect the question bank from misuse and leakage. All organisations and persons involved in the process must ensure that the question bank is kept confidential and that the intellectual property rights of its owners are respected. All violations brought to the attention of EASA or the Member States will be investigated and enforcement measures may be applied.

If you wish to report a violation of confidentiality and IPR, please use the form provided in the Download box below.

Data protection

EASA is committed to respecting the privacy of all persons involved in the ECQB process. Within the framework of the ECQB process, all personal data provided by those persons are dealt with in compliance with Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data.


Please refer to the Download box below.


ecqb [at] easa [dot] europa [dot] eu

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