NASA ASRS CALLBACK Issue 526
A Runway Excursion (RE) is a veer off or overrun from the runway surface (ICAO).
In layman’s terms, an RE occurs when an aircraft departs the runway in use via the runway end or edge, and it may be intentional or unintentional. RE events typically occur during landings or rejected takeoffs when aircraft are unable to stop by the runway’s end, or when aircraft landing or taking off inappropriately depart a side of the intended runway.
Contributing factors stem from many sources, including weather, airport conditions, flawed techniques, disregard for procedures, mechanical failure, human factors, and more. Consequences range from none to damaged aircraft, other vehicles, or property up through personal injury or death.
In this Sep. 2023 issue of CALLBACK, NASA shares reported incidents of runway excursions that were potentially catastrophic. Contributing factors may appear familiar, but sage wisdom can be gained as valuable lessons are revealed or revisited.
Refer to the European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions (EAPPRE) | SKYbrary Aviation Safety for a thorough analysis of causal and contributory factors and a comprehensive set of suggested mitigations.
The EAPPRE is a deliverable of the European Aviation Safety Plan, Edition 2011-2014.
EASP has then been renamed EPAS, standing for European Plan for Aviation Safety | EASA (europa.eu).