According to Art. 4.3(a) of amending Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009 the applicability of the EASA Basic Regulation regarding aerodromes is as follows:
Aerodromes, including equipment, which are located in the territory subject to the provisions of the treaty, open to public use and which serve commercial air transport and where operations using instrument approach or departure procedures are provided, and:
- have a paved runway of 800 metres or above; or
- exclusively serve helicopters;
shall comply with this Regulation. Personnel and organizations involved in the operation of these aerodromes shall comply with this Regulation.
Furthermore, is it the case that Member States can exempt certain aerodromes from having to comply with the European Rules when the have very little passenger traffic and cargo movements. For details on this possibility please have a look at Art. 4. 3(b) of the Basic Regulation (introduced by amending Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009) and Art. 5 “Exemptions” of the new Regulation (EC) No 139/2014.
After the Member States reported in 2014 in accordance with Art. 4 of Regulation 139/2014 the aerodromes in the scope of EASA the following numbers were established: 592 aerodromes are in the scope. 105 aerodromes will be given a temporary exemption due to low traffic figures. There are no heliports among the figures.