What does EASA certify?
- certain parts to be installed on aircraft
- certain non-installed equipment
The certification of any of these products is an independent assessment of a design and a confirmation that it meets standards of safety and environmental protection that were established and evolved over decades, and, in the case of aircraft, that it is suitable for operation.
European rules and oversight mechanisms, including on the maintenance of products, ensure that initial levels of safety are maintained throughout the product’s life.
What does the process cover?
EASA checks all EU products for their airworthiness (including operational suitability) and their environmental performance against technical standards and requirements.
- For a new product, a certification team is established and they start their work by familiarising themselves with the product design.
- The applicable technical standards and requirements are determined (according to the type of products, detailed Certification Specifications (CSs) apply) and a Certification Programme is agreed.
- The compliance is demonstrated by the design organisation and checked by the EASA certification team according to the agreed Certification programme
- The team issues a final report and issues the certificate only if the products passes all technical requirements and if no unsafe feature has been detected.
- Throughout their life cycles, products are continuously monitored to make sure that they remain safe. If issues are identified, corrective actions are taken.
What about non-EU products?
Recognition of foreign certification systems are possible if bilateral agreements or working arrangements are in place, ensuring that EU technical standards can be met. The non-EU product certificates are then subject of an EASA validation, that can be automatic, streamlined (administrative) or with technical involvement (similarly to the certification of EU products) depending on the applicable agreement or arrangement.
More on international cooperation.