Airspace of Iran

CZIB-2020-01R0
Status: 
Active
Issued date: 
16/01/2020
Revision: 

First Release

Referenced publication(s):

  • United States Federal Aviation Administration KICZ A0002/20 isssued 8 January 2020 & KICZ A0016/20 issued 17 February 2020  (see Appendix 1).
  • Canada NOTAM H0047/20 issued 11 January 2020 (see Appendix 2).
  • United Kingdom NOTAM V0005/20 issued 17 January 2020 (see Appendix 3).
  • Germany NOTAM B0056/20 issued 27 January 2020 (see Appendix 4).
  • France NOTAM F0365/20 issued 27 February 2020 (see Appendix 5).
  • Ukraine NOTAM  A0068/20 issued 14 January 2020 (see Appendix 6).
  • India DGCA Notice22Jun19 issued 22 June 2019 (see Appendix 7).
  • UAE Safety Decision 2019-04 issued 21 June 2019 (see Appendix 8).
  • Swedish Transport Agency AIC A2/2020 issued 30 January 2020 (see Appendix 9).
Affected Airspace: 

 Iran airspace at altitudes below Flight Level (FL) 250.

Applicability: 
Applies to operators
Description: 
This CZIB is issued on the basis of information available to EU Member States and EU institutions. Due to the hazardous security situation, and poor coordination between civil aviation and military operations, there is a risk of misidentification of civil aircraft.

Due to the presence of various advanced air-defence systems, it is advised to be cautious with the risk associated to civil aviation. The risk to operations is assessed to be HIGH for Flight Levels below 250.

Additionally, the Agency draws the attention of the aviation community to the above referenced information, copies of which are attached to this CZIB.
Recommendation(s): 

Operators should take this information and any other relevant information into account in their own risk assessments, alongside any available guidance or directions from their national authority as appropriate. Latest operational information on ‘Closures and warnings’ issued by means of ICAO State Letters, NOTAMs, AICs/AIPs, EASA CZIB may be found in the Network Manager NOP Portal (password protected version). 

Valid until: 
16/07/2020

Appendix 1

Source: United States Federal Aviation Administration KICZ A0002/20

KICZ A0002/20

SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROHIBITION AGAINST CERTAIN FLIGHTS IN THE TEHRAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OIIX).

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABLITY) BELOW ARE PROHIBITED FROM OPERATING IN THE TEHRAN FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OIIX) DUE TO HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITIES AND INCREASED POLITICAL TENSIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, WHICH PRESENT AN INADVERTENT RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS DUE TO THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCALCULATION OR MIS-IDENTIFICATION.

 A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

 B. PERMITTED OPERATIONS. THIS NOTAM DOES NOT PROHIBIT PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) FROM CONDUCTING FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA WHEN SUCH OPERATIONS ARE AUTHORIZED EITHER BY ANOTHER AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE FAA OR BY A DEVIATION, EXEMPTION, OR OTHER AUTHORIZATION ISSUED BY THE FAA ADMINISTRATOR. OPERATORS MUST CALL THE FAA WASHINGTON OPERATIONS CENTER AT 202-267-3333 TO INITIATE COORDINATION FOR FAA AUTHORIZATION TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS.

 C. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND OF AN AIRCRAFT MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

THIS NOTAM IS AN EMERGENCY ORDER ISSUED UNDER 49 USC 40113(A), 44701(A)(5), AND 46105(C).

 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTP://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

 SFC – UNL, 08 JAN 00:10 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 08 JAN 00:07 2020

KICZ A0016/20

A0016/20 (Issued for KICZ)

SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR OVERWATER AIRSPACE ABOVE THE PERSIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW SHOULD EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN OPERATING IN OVERWATER AIRSPACE ABOVE THE PERSIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN IN THE KUWAIT FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (OKAC), JEDDAH FIR (OEJD) , BAHRAIN FIR (OBBB), EMIRATES FIR (OMAE), AND MUSCAT FIR (OOMM) DUE TO CONTINUED ELEVATED MILITARY POSTURING AND POLITICAL TENSIONS IN THE REGION.

NOTAM KICZ A0002/20, WHICH PROHIBITS U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATIONS IN THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX), REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S. REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO OPERATE IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. AVOID AIR ROUTES NEAREST TO THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX) BOUNDARY, WHENEVER POSSIBLE, TO REDUCE THE RISK OF MISCALCULATION OR MISIDENTIFICATION BY AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS. ADDITIONALLY, AIRCRAFT OPERATING IN THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MAY ENCOUNTER INADVERTENT GPS INTERFERENCE AND OTHER COMMUNICATIONS JAMMING, WHICH COULD OCCUR WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - UNL, 17 FEB 19:54 2020 UNTIL PERM. CREATED: 17 FEB 20:00 2020

Appendix 2

Source: Canada NOTAM H0047/20

CZQX/GANDER H0047/20 11JAN 0221Z (NOTAMR H0046/20) - AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE VOLATILE SECURITY SITUATION IN IRAN. POTENTIAL RISK FROM HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITY AND DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY IN IRAN. AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED NOT TO ENTER THE AIRSPACE OF IRAN, INCLUDING THE TEHRAN FIR (OIIX. 11 JAN 02:21 2020 UNTIL PERM.

Appendix 3

Source: United Kingdom NOTAM V0005/20

V0005/20 (Issued for EGTT EGPX EGGX)

AIRSPACE SECURITY WARNING ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT IN RESPONSE TO THE HAZARDOUS SITUATION IN IRAN. POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION OVERFLYING IRANIAN AIRSPACE FROM DEDICATED ANTI-AVIATION WEAPONRY. OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO AVOID OPERATING AT LESS THAN 25,000FT ABOVE GROUND LEVEL (AGL) IN THE TEHRAN FIR. FOR INFORMATION CONTACT UK DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT +44 (0)207-944 6322 OR +44 (0)207-944 5999 OUT OF HOURS. 2020-01-0122/AS4.

SFC - UNL, 17 JAN 22:00 2020 UNTIL 17 APR 17:00 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 17 JAN 22:03 2020

Appendix 4

Source: Germany NOTAM B0056/20

B0056/20 (Issued for EDWW EDMM EDGG)

SECURITY - IRAN - POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR TEHRAN (OIIX).

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR TEHRAN (OIIX) FROM ANTI AVIATION WEAPONRY. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENT AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATION: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

31 JAN 23:59 2020 UNTIL 30 APR 23:59 2020. CREATED: 27 JAN 18:04 2020

Appendix 5

Source: France NOTAM LFFA-F0365/20

2020 Feb 27 11:26 UNTIL 2020 Mar 15 23:59

FRENCH AIR CARRIERS AND AIRCRAFT OWNERS REGISTERED IN FRANCE ARE REQUESTED NOT TO LET THEIR AIRCRAFT ENTER OIIX FIR (TEHERAN) PART LOCATED 'WEST' OF MERIDIAN 54 AND TAKE CARE THEIR ACFT ALWAYS MAINTAIN A FLIGHT LEVEL MORE THAN OR EQUAL TO FL320 WITHIN OIIX FIR (TEHERAN) PART LOCATED 'EAST' OF MERIDIAN 54.

Appendix 6

Source: NOTAM A0068/20

A0068/20

(Issued for UKBV UKDV UKFV UKLV UKOV)

ACCORDING TO THE SAFETY DIRECTIVE OF THE STATE AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OF UKRAINE NUMBER 2020-01 DATED 08.01.2020 UKRAINIAN AIR OPERATORS ARE PROHIBITED TO PERFORM FLIGHTS WITHIN AIRSPACE OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN AND REPUBLIC OF IRAQ.

14 JAN 09:00 2020 UNTIL 09 APR 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 14 JAN 09:03 2020

Appendix 7

Source: India DGCA Notice 22Jun19 (validity ongoing)

FROM DGCA INDIA: ALL INDIAN OPERATORS IN CONSULTATION WITH DGCA HAVE DECIDED TO AVOID THE AFFECTED PART OF IRANIAN AIRSPACE TO ENSURE SAFE TRAVEL FOR THE PASSENGERS. THEY WILL RE-ROUTE FLIGHTS SUITABLY.

Appendix 8

Source: UAE SAFETY DECISION 2019-04 (validity ongoing)

DUE TO RECENT HEIGHTENED MILITARY ACTIVITIES AND INCREASED TENSIONS ABOVE CERTAIN AREAS OF THE ARABIAN GULF AND THE GULF OF OMAN. THE UAE GCAA HAVE BEEN CLOSELY MONITORING AND ASSESSING THE SITUATION IN THE REGIONS TO DETERMINE POSSIBLE IMPACT ON THE SAFE AIR OPERATION. AND SINCE THERE MAY BE AN UNINTENTIONAL RISK TO UAE OPERATORS OPERATING IN SPECIFIC AREAS OVER THE ARABIAN GULF AND GULF OF OMAN IN TEHRAN FIR, THIS SAFETY DECISION WAS ISSUED FOR THE INTEREST OF SAFETY OF CIVIL AVIATION.

REQUIREMENTS: WITH IMMEDIATE EFFECT, ALL UAE AIR OPERATORS ARE REQUIRED TO CONDUCT RISK ASSESSMENTS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THEIR GCAA APPROVED PROCEDURES ON THE OPERATION IN THE OVERWATER AREA OF TEHRAN (OIIX) FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION OVER THE ARABIAN GULF AND GULF OF OMAN. THE RISK ASSESSMENTS SHALL TAKE IN TO ACCOUNT THE AVAILABLE INFORMATION CONCERNING THE OPERATION IN TO THE SUBJECT AREAS AND THE DYNAMIC NATURE OF THE SITUATION TO DETERMINE THE NECESSARY MEASURES AND MITIGATIONS WHICH MUST BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION PRIOR TO AND DURING OPERATING IN THE AREAS REFERENCED IN THIS SAFETY DECISION.

ALL UAE AIR OPERATORS SHALL CONTINUOUSLY MONITOR AND ASSESS THE SITUATION AND SHALL IMMEDIATELY REPORT TO GCAA ANY ANOMALIES OR UNSAFE CONDITIONS RELATED TO THIS SAFETY DECISION. THE UAE GCAA WILL KEEP MONITORING THE SITUATION AND ISSUE FURTHER INSTRUCTION IF REQUIRED.

Appendix 9

Source: Swedish Transport Agency AIC A2/2020

The Swedish Transport Agency revised recommendation regarding flying in the Airpace of Iran and Iraq as following:

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) issued a security information regarding the situation in Iran and Iraq after the accident 8 January 2020, with an aircraft, Boeing B737 owned by Ukraine International Airlines, after departure from Tehran International airport. With reference to a new recommendation by EASA regarding the use of the airspace of Iran, the Swedish Transport Agency has decided to base its revised recommendation on the CZIB-2020-01R0 for Iran and the CZIB-2017-04R5 for Iraq, both issued by EASA, and recommends all Swedish air operators regarding the use of airspace of Iran and Iraq as below:

- do not enter the airspace of Iran (including Tehran OIIX FIR) below FL 250

- do not enter the airspace of Iraq (including Baghdad ORBB FIR) at all flight levels with the exception of airways UL602 (to ALPET), UM860 and UM688 when operating above FL 250.

Effective as from 30 January 2020 (replaces AIC A 1/2020) 

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