Airspace of Pakistan – Karachi and Lahore Flight Information Regions

CZIB-2018-02R5
Status: 
Active
Issued date: 
13/01/2020
Revision: 

This CZIB is revised to extend the validity peroid, and to amend reference publications.
 

Referenced publication(s):

  • AIC France Circular 03/19 issued 24 January 2019 (see Appendix 1).
  • Germany NOTAM B0058/20 issued 27 January  2020 (see Appendix 2).
  • United Kingdom NOTAM AIP ENR 1.1 issued 31 January 2019 (see Appendix 3). 
  • United States Federal Aviation Adminstration KICZ A0036/19  issued 30 December 2019 & FAA Background Information of Pakistan issued 30 December 2019 (see Appendix 4).
Affected Airspace: 

Pakistan airspace, Karachi Flight Information Region (FIR OPKR) and Lahore FIR (OPLR). 

Applicability: 
Applies to operators
Description: 
The Agency draws the attention of the aviation community to the above referenced information, copies of which are attached to this CZIB.
Recommendation(s): 

Operators should take this information and any other relevant information into account in their own risk assessments, alongside any available guidance or directions from their national authority as appropriate. Latest operational information on ‘Closures and Warnings’ issued by means of ICAO State Letters, NOTAMs, AICs/AIPs, EASA CZIB may be found in the Network Manager NOP Portal (password protected version).

Valid until: 
30/04/2020

Appendix 1

Source: AIC France Circular 03/19

From 17/01/2015 and until further notice, French carriers are requested to ensure that their aircraft maintain at all times a flight level equal to or above FL240 in the airspace of Pakistan (OPLR FIR (LAHORE) and OPKR FIR (KARACHI)). 

Appendix 2

Source: Germany NOTAM B0058/20

B0058/20 (Issued for EDWW EDGG EDMM)

SECURITY PAKISTAN POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SITUATION FIR KARACHI OPKR AND FIR LAHORE OPLR:

POTENTIAL RISK TO AVIATION WITHIN FIR KARACHI (OPKR) AND FIR LAHORE (OPLR) DUE TO POSSIBLE ATTACKS DURING LANDING, TAXIING, PARKING AND TAKE OFF AT ALL AIRPORTS. CIVIL GERMAN AIR OPERATORS ARE ADVISED TO TAKE POTENTIAL RISK INTO ACCOUNT IN THEIR RISK ASSESSMENTS AND ROUTEING DECISIONS.

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS: IN AN EMERGENCY THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE DECISION AND ACTION FOR THE SAFETY OF THE FLIGHT, THE PILOT IN COMMAND MAY DEVIATE FROM THIS NOTAM TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY THAT EMERGENCY.

01 FEB 00:00 2020 UNTIL 30 APR 23:59 2020. CREATED: 28 JAN 09:51 2020

Appendix 3

Source: United Kingdom NOTAM AIP ENR 1.1

United Kingdom Aeronautical Information Service

Hazardous Situation in Pakistan

Potential risk to aviation overflying Karachi and Lahore FIRs at less than 25,000 ft above ground (agl) level from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are advised to take this potential risk into account in their risk assessments and routing decisions.

Contact UK Department for Transport +44 (0)207-944 4426 or +44 (0)207-944 5999 out of hours.

Appendix 4

Source: FAA NOTAM A0036/19

A0036/19 (Issued for KICZ)
SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR PAKISTAN.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A BELOW ARE ADVISED TO EXERCISE CAUTION WHEN FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS AND COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, INCLUDING UPDATING B450.

C. OPERATIONS. EXERCISE CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. THERE IS A RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION OPERATING IN THE TERRITORY AND AIRSPACE OF PAKISTAN DUE TO EXTREMIST/MILITANT ACTIVITY. THERE CONTINUES TO BE A RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION FROM ATTACKS AGAINST AIRPORTS AND AIRCRAFT, PARTICULARLY FOR AIRCRAFT ON THE GROUND AND AIRCRAFT OPERATING AT LOW ALTITUDES, INCLUDING DURING THE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PHASES OF FLIGHT. THE ONGOING PRESENCE OF EXTREMIST/MILITANT ELEMENTS OPERATING IN PAKISTAN POSES A CONTINUED RISK TO U.S. CIVIL AVIATION FROM SMALL-ARMS FIRE, COMPLEX ATTACKS AGAINST AIRPORTS, INDIRECT WEAPONS FIRE, AND ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE, ANY OF WHICH COULD OCCUR WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING. WHILE, TO DATE, THERE HAVE BEEN NO REPORTS OF MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS) BEING USED AGAINST CIVIL AVIATION IN PAKISTAN, SOME EXTREMIST/MILITANT GROUPS OPERATING IN PAKISTAN ARE SUSPECTED OF HAVING ACCESS TO MANPADS. AS A RESULT, THERE IS A POTENTIAL RISK FOR EXTREMISTS/MILITANTS TO TARGET CIVIL AVIATION IN PAKISTAN WITH MANPADS.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333.

THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 1 JAN 2021.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS

SFC - UNL, 30 DEC 12:55 2019 UNTIL 01 JAN 23:59 2020 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 30 DEC 12:50 2019

FAA BACKGROUND NOTICE

FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation in the Territory and Airspace of Pakistan

There are continuing risks to U.S. civil aviation operating in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, particularly for aircraft on the ground and aircraft operating at low altitudes, including during the arrival and departure phases of flight, from various extremist/militant groups. For this reason, on 30 Dec 2019, the FAA published Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) KICZ A0036/19, advising U.S. civil aviation to exercise caution when operating into, out of, within, or over the territory and airspace of Pakistan. With the ongoing presence of extremist/militant elements operating in Pakistan, there is continued risk to U.S. civil aviation from small-arms fire, complex attacks against airports, indirect weapons fire, and anti-aircraft fire, any of which could occur with little or no warning.

Between 2014 and 2019, extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan have demonstrated their ongoing capability and intent to target civil aviation through multiple attacks on aviation infrastructure, including airports. In August 2019, two individuals were arrested for firing small arms directed at a commercial aircraft on approach into Islamabad International Airport (OPIS). In July 2017, media sources reported on extremists’ intent to conduct attacks at Jinnah International Airport (OPKC) in Karachi. In 2015, extremists/militants attacked two remote airfields in Baluchistan Province and one Pakistani Air Force Base in Peshawar, resulting in a number of deaths and injuries. In an August 2015 attack on Jiwani International Airport (OPJI), extremists/militants destroyed an air traffic control radar facility, and in June 2014, extremists/militants attacked OPKC, resulting in over 30 deaths and damage to airport facilities. During several separate incidents in 2014, aircraft on approach into Peshawar’s Bacha Khan International Airport (OPPS) were fired on by small arms, which resulted in one fatality.

In addition to the extremist/militant threat to U.S. civil aviation operations in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, there may be flight disruptions and airspace closures implemented due to clashes in the Kashmir Region with little or no warning. On 26 February 2019, the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control and claimed to have conducted air strikes against Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) extremist/militant training camps, in response to a JeM attack against Indian forces in Indian- administered Kashmir on 14 February. On 27 February 2019, Pakistan carried out retaliatory air strikes on unidentified targets in Indian-administered Kashmir and subsequently claimed to have shot down two Indian fighter jets entering Pakistani airspace. India and Pakistan employ a variety of advanced air-to-air fighter aircraft and surface-to-air missile systems capable of targeting aircraft up to and beyond overflight altitudes typically used by civil aircraft. Although India and Pakistan have no intent to target civil aviation, if military operations were to resume, such operations could present an inadvertent risk to U.S. civil aviation. Historically, Pakistan and neighboring air navigation service providers have managed their airspace appropriately to deconflict and protect civil aviation overflight operations in response to clashes in the Kashmir Region.

While, to date, there have been no reports of man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) being used against civil aviation in the territory and airspace of Pakistan, some extremist/militant groups operating in Pakistan are suspected of having access to MANPADS. As a result, there is a potential risk for extremists/militants to target civil aviation with MANPADS. Some MANPADS are capable of reaching a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet above ground level.

Posted: 30 Dec 19

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