Looking to the future

There is broad agreement that SAFs have a potentially important role to play in reducing the environmental impact of European aviation, and in reducing the sector’s exposure to crude oil price volatility.

The current consumption of SAF remains very low in Europe. However, recent developments, including policy actions at the EU and global level, are intended to create incentives to increase the uptake of SAF in Europe. Nevertheless, the uptake of SAF is likely to remain limited to below 1% of total EU aviation fuel consumption in the near future, and its evolution in the mid/long term within the European market is still difficult to predict.

Fry to Fly!
Eating French fries when you are waiting for your flight at the gate may not be good for your health, but it may be good for reducing the environmental impact of your trip as the recycled oil used for cooking is an excellent feedstock for producing SAF through the HVO/HEFA pathway. Recovering used cooking oil (UCO) is also important as its inappropriate disposal can result in harmful environmental effects. The current collectable volume of UCO within Europe from both restaurants and households theoretically allows a SAF production of about 1 million tonnes per year [50], which is about 2% of the current annual aviation fuel use in EU28+EFTA.