Figures and Tables

Figure 4.1 Breakdown of gate-to-gate excess CO2 emissions for an average flight in Europe
Figure 4.2 Horizontal en route flight inefficiency for 2009 to 2017

(Source: SES PRB [61])

Figure 4.3 ATM related inefficiencies on the arrival flow (ASMA) at the top 30 busiest airports
Figure 4.4 Additional taxi-out time at the top 30 busiest airports
Figure 4.5 Evolution of additional ASMA and taxi-out times in the SES area13

13 The disconnect in the trend line is due to a change in criteria for ‘ASMA’ airports between Reference Period 1 (RP1 - 2012 to 2014) and Reference Period 2 (RP2 - 2015 to 2019).

Figure 4.6 Free Route Airspace (24 hours or at night) implementation

(Source: Network Manager)

Figure 4.7 Noise CCO/CDO level flight in 2017
Figure 4.8 Fuel CCO/CDO level flight in 2017
Figure 4.9 Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) in the SES area
Table 4.1 Examples of SESAR solutions deployed or soon to be deployed in Europe