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Airspace of Egypt Sinai Peninsula

CSV
Status
Active
Issued date
30/10/2020
Revision

This CZIB is revised to extend the validity peroid, and to amend reference publications.

 

Referenced publication(s):

  • United Kingdom AIP ENR 1.1 issued 28 January 2021 (see Appendix 1).
  • United States Federal Aviation Administration KICZ A0040/20 issued 30 March 2020 & FAA Background Notice issued 30 March 2020 (see Appendix 2).
  • German AIC 18/20 issued 3 December 2020 (see Appendix 3).
Affected Airspace

Egypt airspace, Cairo Flight Information Region (FIR HECC), Sinai Peninsula.

Applicability
Applies to operators
Description
The Agency draws the attention of the aviation community to the above referenced information, copies of which are attached to this CZIB. This CZIB is issued on the basis of information available to EU Member States and EU institutions. Due to the hazardous situation, it is assessed that the risk of operation and overflight below FL250 is HIGH.
Recommendation(s)

Operators should take this information and any other relevant information into account in their own risk assessments, alongside any available guidance or directions from their national authority as appropriate. Latest operational information on ‘Closures and warnings’ issued by means of ICAO State Letters, NOTAMs, AICs/AIPs, EASA CZIB may be found in the Network Manager NOP Portal (password protected version). 

Valid until
30/04/2021

Appendix 1

Source: United Kingdom AIP ENR 1.1
United Kingdom Aeronautical Information Service 

Hazardous Situation in Egypt

Potential risk to aviation overflying Egyptian airspace in Northern Sinai Governate within the area bounded by 311400N 0322200E - 294000N 0324000E - 293000N 0345400E - 312000N 0341200E - 311400N 0322200E (Cairo FIR, Sinai Peninsula) at less than 25,000 FT above ground level (AGL) from dedicated anti-aviation weaponry.

Operators are strongly advised to avoid operating at less than 25,000 FT AGL in this airspace.

Contact UK Department for Transport +44 (0)207-944 6322 or +44 (0)207-944 5999 out of hours.


Appendix 2

Source: United States Federal Aviation Administration NOTAM KICZ A0040/20

A0040/20 (Issued for KICZ)

SECURITY..UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ADVISORY FOR EGYPT SINAI PENINSULA

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) BELOW SHOULD AVOID FLYING INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE SINAI PENINSULA IN THE CAIRO FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR) (HECC) AT ALTITUDES BELOW FL260 WITHIN THE FOLLOWING LATERAL LIMITS: 311855N 0321900E TO 294443N 0322815E TO 281650N 0331928E TO 272900N 0341900E TO 292920N 0345500E THEN ALONG THE EGYPT/ISRAEL BORDER TO 311800N 0341300E TO 311855N 0321900E.

A. APPLICABILITY. THIS NOTAM APPLIES TO: ALL U.S. AIR CARRIERS AND COMMERCIAL OPERATORS; ALL PERSONS EXERCISING THE PRIVILEGES OF AN AIRMAN CERTIFICATE ISSUED BY THE FAA, EXCEPT SUCH PERSONS OPERATING U.S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT FOR A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER; AND ALL OPERATORS OF AIRCRAFT REGISTERED IN THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH AIRCRAFT IS A FOREIGN AIR CARRIER.

B. PLANNING. THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) PLANNING TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA MUST REVIEW CURRENT SECURITY/THREAT INFORMATION AND NOTAMS; COMPLY WITH ALL APPLICABLE FAA REGULATIONS, OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS, MANAGEMENT SPECIFICATIONS, AND LETTERS OF AUTHORIZATION, INCLUDING UPDATING B450; AND PROVIDE AT LEAST 72 HOURS ADVANCE NOTICE OF PLANNED FLIGHTS TO THE FAA AT FAA-WATCH [at] FAA.GOV WITH SPECIFIC FLIGHT DETAILS TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT POSSIBLE.

C. OPERATIONS. PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) WHO DECIDE TO FLY INTO, OUT OF, WITHIN, OR OVER THE ABOVE-NAMED AREA SHOULD PLAN TO EXERCISE EXTREME CAUTION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS DUE TO ONGOING FIGHTING BETWEEN MILITARY FORCES AND EXTREMIST/MILITANT ELEMENTS AND THE CONTINUING EXTREMIST THREAT TO CIVIL AVIATION, WHICH INVOLVES A VARIETY OF ANTI-AIRCRAFT-CAPABLE WEAPONS, INCLUDING MAN-PORTABLE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS (MANPADS), ANTI-TANK MISSILES, SMALL-ARMS FIRE, AND INDIRECT FIRE WEAPONS, SUCH AS MORTARS AND ROCKETS TARGETING AIRCRAFT AND SINAI AIRPORTS.

THOSE PERSONS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH A (APPLICABILITY) MUST REPORT SAFETY AND/OR SECURITY INCIDENTS TO THE FAA AT +1 202-267-3333. THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THIS ADVISORY WILL BE RE-EVALUATED BY 30 MARCH 2021. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS PROVIDED AT: HTTPS://WWW.FAA.GOV/AIR_TRAFFIC/PUBLICATIONS/US_RESTRICTIONS/.

SFC - FL259, 30 MAR 13:23 2020 UNTIL 30 MAR 23:59 2021 ESTIMATED. CREATED: 30 MAR 13:53 2020.

 

FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation -Egypt Sinai Peninsula

FAA Background Information Regarding U.S. Civil Aviation – Egypt Sinai Peninsula in the Cairo (HECC) Flight Information Region (FIR) Due to ongoing fighting between military forces and extremist/militant elements and the continuing extremist threat to civil aviation, the FAA assesses there is continued risk to U.S. civil aviation operating into, out of, within, or over the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula in the Cairo Flight Information Region (FIR) (HECC), within the lateral limits described in NOTAM A0040/20, at altitudes below Flight Level (FL) 260. International civil air routes transiting the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula at altitudes below FL 260 and aircraft operating to and from Sinai airports are at risk from extremist/militant attacks involving a variety of anti-aircraft capable weapons, including man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), anti-tank missiles, small arms-fire and indirect fire weapons, such as mortars and rockets targeting aircraft and Sinai airports. Some MANPADS present a risk up to a maximum altitude of 25,000 feet. The Islamic State in Iraq and ash-Sham in the Sinai (ISIS-Sinai), which is an Egypt-based affiliate of ISIS, continues to conduct attacks in the Sinai Peninsula, some of which have demonstrated their capability and intent to target critical infrastructure and civilian targets. Examples include an early February 2020 attack on a gas pipeline, a November 2017 attack on a mosque, and has previously conducted attacks on aviation-related targets between 2014-2017. During 2018-2019, ISIS-Sinai continued to focus its attacks on Egyptian security forces and police check points in the Sinai Peninsula. In December 2017, ISIS-Sinai used an anti-tank missile to destroy a military helicopter associated with VIP movement at Al ‘Arish. The attack at Al ‘Arish potentially demonstrated the group’s ability to target sensitive activities. While predominately operating in the northern portion of the peninsula, ISIS-Sinai has previously demonstrated the capability to project threats into the southern Sinai. In February 2017, ISIS-Sinai militants in southern Sinai fired rockets across the border toward Eilat, Israel. In October 2015, ISIS claimed responsibility for the improvised explosive device (IED) attack destroying a Russian passenger aircraft enroute to St. Petersburg, Russia, shortly after its departure from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport (ICAO: HESH) in the southern Sinai. The group claimed the IED was placed aboard the aircraft prior to departing HESH, raising concerns about potential insider threats at the airport. In June 2015, ISIS-Sinai fired rockets towards El Gora Airport (ICAO: HEGR) located in northern Sinai. Regarding aircraft in flight, in January 2014, ISIS-Sinai fired small arms at an Egyptian military aircraft and used MANPADS to shoot down an Egyptian military helicopter flying at low altitude. Although MANPADS have not been used to target civil aircraft in the Sinai, extremists/militants could potentially do so at any time with little or no warning. The FAA will continue to monitor for changes in the risks to U.S. civil aviation operations in the Cairo (HECC) FIR and will adjust its advisory for U.S. civil aviation operations as conditions warrant.

Posted: 30 Mar 2020


Appendix 3

Source: German AIC 18/20

Hazardous situation in Egypt

Civil German air operators are advised not to plan and conduct flights within the northern part of Sinai Peninsula (as part of FIR CAIRO (HECC)) below FL260 including landing, taxiing, parking and take off. Potential risk to aviation from dedicated anti-aviation and ground to ground weaponry.

Affected part of Sinai Peninsula:
East between 311800N 322000E and 293000N 324000E to FIR CAIRO (HECC) boundary.

Civil German air operators are advised to take potential risk into account in their risk assessment and routing decisions within the southern part of Sinai Peninsula (as part of FIR CAIRO (HECC)) below FL260 including landing, taxiing, parking and take off. Potential risk to aviation from latent threats.

Affected part of Sinai Peninsula:
East between 293000N 324000E and 282000N 331500E and 273000N 341000E to FIR CAIRO (HECC) boundary.


 

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